Selected Publications and Invited Blogposts

See also Google Scholar home page:


Using the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale in Research and Practice (in press Underwood LG 2019 – preprint available August 2019 on request from the author) Supplements previous publications by Underwood on the scale with annotated bibliography of a subset of 65 of the 400 published studies on the scale, and gives a detailed guides to current usage.

Spiritual Connection in Daily Life (Paperback, 2013) (International Paperback and e-book, 2016). Although this book is primarily for personal and clinical use, it also contains useful information for DSES researchers for interpreting results.

The Science of Compassionate Love : Research, Theory, and Applications. Fehr. B. Sprecher, S, Underwood, LG, eds. Oxford England,Malden Mass: Wiley-Blackwell. 2009.

This book brings together many of the studies on Compassionate Love, empirical work based on a model and definition that forms the first chapter of the book, developed by Underwood in 1999,

Altruism and Altruistic Love : Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue Post, SG, Underwood, LG, Schloss, JP, Hurlbut, WB, eds., Oxford University Press, 2002.

In a meeting at MIT in 2000, Dr. Underwood and the other editors pulled together theologians and philosophers with social scientists and evolutionary biologists to explore this central topic. Underwood gave the introductory framing remarks, setting out a model that might enable those from many disciplines to communicate. This book is the result of that project.

Social Support Measurement and Intervention: A Guide for Health and Social Scientists Cohen, S, Underwood, L, Gottlieb, B, eds. Oxford University Press, 2000.

This book has become “a state-of-the-art resource for the selection and development of strategies for social support assessment and intervention.”

Measuring Stress: A Guide for Health and Social Scientists Cohen, S, Kessler, RC, Underwood-Gordon, L, eds. Oxford University Press, 1997.

Measuring Stress: A Guide for Health and Social Scientists, Japanese translation, Cohen, S, Kessler, RC, Underwood Gordon, L, eds. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Stress is recognized as playing a central role in many health issues. This book provides a conceptual foundation for sound empirical work that identifies types and levels of stress their links to health outcomes, and lays out a variety of ways to measure stress. It continues to be widely cited.

Relational Processes and DSM-V: Neuroscience, Assessment, Prevention and Treatment, SRH. Beach, M Wamboldt, N Kaslow, RE.Heyman, MB First, LG Underwood, & D Reiss. eds., American Psychiatric Publishing Inc., 2006.

This book was an effort to make sure that relationships with others were included in the DSM-V revision as important to consider.

Malignant Melanoma in Northern Ireland, Gordon (Underwood), LG, Queen’s University Press, Belfast, 1983.

Selected Articles:

“Refining Research on Joy” Underwood LG (October 2019) Journal of Positive Psychology, click here to view preprint: Underwood_Joy_Positive_Psychology_2019_ RE editsLGU edit

“Love in the midst of stressors” (an exploration of stress-buffering effects on attitudes of care for others) Brelsford G, Underwood L, Wright B. (2019) Volume 30, Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion.

“Now bounded, now immeasurable: Perspectives on time in disability, in suffering, and at end of life.” click here to view Underwood L, Medical Humanities (2007) 33: 11-15.

The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale: Overview and here to view Underwood L, Religions. 2011; 2(1): 29-50.

“Use of Focus Groups in Multi-Site, Multi-Ethnic Research Projects for Women’s Health: A Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN) Example” Kagawa-Singer Marjorie, Adler Shelley, Mouton Charles, Ory Marcia, Underwood Lynn G., Ethnicity and Disease (2009), Volume 19, 352-358.

“Measuring Responsiveness in the Therapeutic Relationship: A Patient Perspective” Reis, Harry T., Clark Margaret S., Pereira-Gray Denis J., Tsai Fen-Fang, Brown Judith B., Stewart Moira, and Underwood Lynn G. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, (2008) 30:4,339-348.

Validation of the Spanish version of Underwood’s Daily Spiritual Experience Scale in Mexico.  2013. Mayoral, E., Underwood, L.G., Laca, F., & Mejía, J.C. International Journal of Hispanic Psychology, 6(2), 191-202.

Cultural adaptation and validation of the Underwood Daily Spiritual Experience Scale-Brazilian version. (2012); Kimura, M., Lima de Oliveira, A., Mishima, L., & Underwood, L. G. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem – USP, 46, 99–106.

“A Balm for Gilead: Meditations on Spirituality and the Healing Arts” Review, Underwood Lynn G., Journal of Religion, Disability & Health, (2010) Volume 14, Issue 2, 2010, pp 218 – 219.

“A Cross-Cultural Study of Spirituality, Religion, and Personal Beliefs as components of Quality of Life,” written on behalf of the WHOQOL SRPB Group by Underwood, O’Connell and Saxena, Social Science and Medicine, 62 (2006) 1486–1497.

“Psychometric Testing of the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale Among African Americans in the Jackson Heart Study”, Loustalot F, Wyatt SB, Sims M, Ellison CG, Taylor HA, Underwood L. (August, 2009). Journal of Religion and Health. 1-11.

“Measuring Spirituality” Underwood, Lynn G. in The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Volume 196, Number 9, September 2008, 715-716.

“Ordinary Spiritual Experience: Qualitative Research, Interpretive Guidelines, and Population Distribution for the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale.” Underwood, LG Archive for the Psychology of Religion/ Archiv für Religionspsychologie, Volume 28, Number 1, 2006, pp. 181-218.

“Interviews with Trappist Monks as a Contribution to Research Methodology in the Investigation of Compassionate Love.” click here to view Underwood LG Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 35:3 (September, 2005), 285-302.

“Measuring Multiple Dimensions of Religion and Spirituality for Health Research,” Ellen L. Idler, Marc A. Musick, Christopher G. Ellison, Linda K.George, Neal Krause, Marcia G. Ory, Kenneth I. Pargament, Lynda H. Powell, Lynn G. Underwood, David R. Williams, Research on Aging: 2003, 25(4): 327-365.

“Initial steps in developing the World Health Organizations of Quality of Life Instrument (WHOQOL) module for international assessment in HIV/AIDS,” as part of the WHOQOL HIV Group, AIDS CARE (June 2003), Vol 15, No.3, pp.347.

“Cross-Cultural Quality of Life Assessment at the End of Life:  A Commentary”, Saxena, S., O’Connell, K., Underwood L., The Gerontologist, Vol 42, Special Issue III, October 2002, pg 81-85.

“Physiologic Markers of Chronic Stress in Premenopausal, Middle-Aged Women”, with Powell Lynda H., Lovallo William R., Matthews Karen A., Meyer Peter, Midgley A. Rees, Baum Andrew, Stone, Underwood, Lynn Arthur, McCann J, Janidula Herro Kristi, Ory Marcia, Psychosomatic Medicine (2002) 64:502-509

“The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale:  Development, Theoretical Description, Reliability, Exploratory Factor Analysis, and Preliminary Construct Validity Using Health Related Data,” Underwood, L. and Teresi, J. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2002,24 (1):22-33. (over 1000 citations in peer reviewed literature) J Teresi was the statistician on this project, contributing the psychometrics on the final testing of the scale.

“Correlates of Self-Perception of Spirituality in American Adults,” with Shahabi, L et al., Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2002,24 (1):59-68.

“Living with Rheumatoid Arthritis: The Role of Daily Spirituality and Daily Religious and Spiritual Coping,” Keefe FJ, Affleck G, Underwood LG, Lefebvre J, Caldwell DS, Drew J, Egert J, Gibson J, and Pargament K, (2001) Journal of Pain, 2(2), 101-110.

“A Working Model of Health: Spirituality and Religiousness as Resources: Applications to Persons with Disability,” Underwood L, Journal of Religion, Disability & Health, Volume 3, No. 3 1999, 51-71.

“Daily Spiritual Experiences,” Underwood LG in Multidimensional Measurement of Religiousness/Spirituality for Use in Health Research, John E. Fetzer Institute, 1999: 11-18.

“Biobehavioral Pain Research: A Multi-Institute Assessment of Cross-Cutting Issues and Research Needs,” Keefe, FJ, Underwood L. Jacobs, M. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 1997:13:91-103.

“Roles of Religiousness and Spirituality in Medical Rehabilitation and the Lives of Persons with Disabilities,” Underwood(-Gordon), L., Peters, DJ, Bijur, P, Fuhrer, M. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Vol. 76, No 3, May/June 1997, 255-257.

”Is There a Need to Devise Clinical Trials that do not Depend on Randomized Controlled Testing?” ADVANCES, Vol. 9, No. 2, Spring 1993, 75-79.

“Poor Prognosis for Malignant Melanoma in Northern Ireland: A Multivariate Analysis,” Gordon (Underwood) LG, Lowry, WS, Pedlow, PJ, Patterson, CC. British Journal of Cancer, 1991: 63; 283‑286.

“The Incidence and Pathogenesis of Invasive Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma in Northern Ireland,” Gordon (Underwood) L., Lowry, WS. British Journal of Cancer, 1986:53; 75‑80.

“Missed Malignant Melanomas,” Gordon (Underwood) L., Lowry, WS.  British Medical Journal, 986: 292; 1524‑1525

“Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma Tumour Type in Northern Ireland: Possible Aetiological Implications,” Gordon (Underwood) L., Lowry, WS. British Journal of Cancer, 1986: 53; 435.

“Incidence and Aetiology of Melanoma,” Gordon (Underwood) L., Lowry, WS. The Lancet, 1985, i, 8428; 583.

“The Characterization of Melanoma Tumour Type,” Gordon (Underwood) L., Lowry, WS.  Irish Journal of Medical Science, 1985: 154 (11) 440.

“A Study of Malignant Melanoma in Northern Ireland,” Gordon (Underwood) and Lowry, WS, Irish Journal of Medical Science, 1982.

“A New Study of Malignant Melanoma,” Gordon (Underwood) L., Lowry, WS.  Irish Journal of Medical Science, 1980: 149 (4); 170‑178.

(N.B.: name change from Lynn G. Gordon to Lynn Underwood-Gordon to Lynn G. Underwood)

Online Publications:

Invited Blogposts:

Bouncing Back and Springing Up: The Complicated Nature of Post-Traumatic Growth (February 27, 2017)

Lighten Up: The Goodness of Humor and Humility (August 18, 2016)

Clearing Away Obstacles to Love (May 30, 2016)

Humility and Self-Love: Are They Compatible? (February 24, 2016

A draft audio-recording of Chapter 8, “Yes!” from Spiritual Connection in Daily Life, made in July of 2018. You can listen to it by clicking here.

Vulnerability and Inclusion  (Invited blogpost for the Berkley Forum at Georgetown University, October 10, 2018)


“Altruistic Love – Compassionate Love”. Underwood, L. In Harry T. Reis & Susan Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Human Relationships. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (2009)

“Ordinary Spritual Experiences: Positive Effects on Resilience, Burnout, and Addictions” Underwood LG & Vagnini K, in Spirituality and Psychology
Foundations, Concepts and Applications” (in French).
Dunod 2021 (in Press)

“Chapter 1: Compassionate love: A framework for research” Underwood, Lynn G. in Fehr, Sprecher and Underwood The Science of Compassionate Love: Theory Research and Applications, Blackwell. Wiley- Blackwell. Malden Massachusetts, Oxford, England 2009.

“Giving of Self for the Good of the Other: Science Research on Compassionate Love and Spirituality” Underwood, Lynn G. in The Love that Does Justice, Edwards, Michael and Post Stephen (eds), Cleveland, Ohio 2008, p 133-138.

“The Intrinsic Value of Mental Health,” Underwood L. with Ville Lehtinen et al, in Mental Health Promotion, World Health Organization, 2004. (Also available in Mandarin Chinese)

“Compassionate Love,” in Post, Stephen G. ed. 2004.  Encyclopedia of Bioethics, 3rd edition.  New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 483-488.

“The Human Experience of Compassionate Love: Conceptual Mapping and Data from Selected Studies”, in Post, SG, Underwood, LG, Schloss, JP, Hurlbut, WB, eds. Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue, 2002. New York City: Oxford University Press. 72-88.